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全民健康覆盖日:让人人享有健康

2018-12-12

  今天是“全民健康覆盖日”。全民健康覆盖的含义是人人能够获得所需的卫生办事而不会承受过重的经济负担或受到歧视。全民健康覆盖植根于可持续发扬目标之中。无法负担优质的卫生办事往往使家庭和个人陷于因病致贫和因病返贫的恶性循环中。实现全民健康覆盖可以保障任何人都不会经历因病致贫。

  那么,全民健康覆盖对每个人具有什么意义呢?让大家来听听小朋的故事…… 

  农村男孩儿小朋的健康情况不太好。他的家乡没有诊所,家人又无力承担医药费或送他到城里的大医院就医。病痛使他常常缺课。因此,小朋只勉强具备最根本的读写能力。

  人们负担得起的、优良的卫生办事对保持健康至关重要。也正因为这一点,全世界各国都正在努力实现全民健康覆盖。

  全民健康覆盖力图诠释三个问题: 

  •   首先,国家的卫生系统是否能惠及每个人?

  •   其次,不论贫富、不论在城市还是在农村,是否人人都能获得优良的预防和治疗办事?

  •   最后,是否每个人都能负担得起医疗费用,而不会因病致贫?

      而要实现全民健康覆盖,就需要有稳健和可持续的卫生系统。

      卫生系统就像一张拼图,必须由各局部拼在一起才能组成完整的图案。卫生主管部门是拼图的一局部,它要确保将卫生资源配置到需要的地方,并让每个人都清楚如何获得卫生资源;政府领导也是拼图的一局部,要确保政府各部门通力协作,无缝衔接,各负其责;还有一块至关重要的组成局部是那些训练有素、承担提供优质办事的医务人员;最后,拼图最重要的局部则是人民。

      如果拼图正确,各方都会受益。

      让大家把目光转回小朋。虽然他住在农村,但当地政府已在他家附近建了一所社区卫生办事机构。经过参与医疗保险,他能够更好地获得医疗办事。现在,小朋有了所需的药品,也学会了如何办理自己的病情。如今,小朋的家庭快乐而健康,他也开始为社会贡献着自己的力量。

      毕竟,健康是发扬的前提条件。

      

      Improving Health through Universal Health Coverage  

      Today is Universal Health Coverage Day. Universal health coverage (UHC) means that we can access health services we need without suffering undue financial hardship or discrimination. UHC is embedded in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Too often, a lack of affordable and quality health care can trap families and nations in cycles of poverty. UHC can ensure that no one has to risk financial ruin in order to access health care.

      Having said that, what does UHC mean for you?  Here’s a story of a boy named Xiaopeng… 

      Xiaopeng is a teenage boy struggling with poor health. There are no health clinics in the rural area where he lives, and his family can’t afford his medicine or to send him to the big hospital in the city. His family is struggling with the financial burden of his medical costs and he has missed a lot of school. As a result, he doesn't know how to read or write much beyond a basic level.

      To be healthy and productive people need access to affordable good quality health services, which is why countries all around the world are committing to Universal Health Coverage.

      UHC tries to answer three questions: 

      First, does a country's health system reach every person?

      Second, can all people, rich, poor, those in urban or those in rural areas, access prevention and treatment services that are of good quality?

      And finally, can every person afford health care without facing poverty?

      To achieve UHC we need resilient and sustainable health systems.

      A health system is like putting together a puzzle. It is made of many different pieces that must all fit together to make a complete picture. One piece is the government health authorities, ensuring health resources are where they are needed and that everyone knows where to go to get them. Political leaders are a piece of the puzzle, making sure government departments are working together to make sure all the pieces fit together in the right place. Healthcare providers, who are well trained and can provide high-quality services, are a critically important piece and finally, the most important piece of the puzzle, are the people.

      If the puzzle has been put together correctly, everyone benefits.

      Which brings us back to Xiaopeng. Even though he lives in a rural environment, the local government has now set up a community health facility nearby. With better access to medicines through expanded medical insurance, now he can get the medication he needs and has learnt how to manage his illness. Today Xiaoping has a happy, healthy family and has become a productive member of his community.

      After all, health is the precondition for development.

      (来源:世界卫生组合网站)

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